Montenegro or Crna Gora is a country situated in the south of the Adriatic.The name ‘Montenegro’, meaning ‘black mountain’, is likely to have come from the thick black forests that covered Mount Lovćn in medieval times.Montenegro was founded as a state under its present name in 15th century.It was able to maintain its independence during the reign of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans, as its independence was formally acknowledged at the Congress of Berlin in 1878.
Montenegro may be small in terms of area, it boast stunning mountainous landscapes,
dramatic coast lines, historic monuments and truly beautiful walled towns.Evidence
of the country’s rich heritage remains highly visible today – from the many well-
Bar (Montenegrin/Serbian: Bar pronounced [bâr]) is a coastal town in Montenegro.
It has a population of 17,727 (2011 census). Bar is the centre of municipality and
a major sea port of Montenegro.In Montenegrin and Serbian, the town is known as Bar;
in Italian as Antivari or Antibari; in Albanian as Tivari; and in Latin as Antibarium.
The name of this city is connected to Bari, Italy as those cities are located on
the opposite side of Adriatic sea.As a city of olives, the sea gate of Montenegro,
The Old Town of Bar
The Old Town of Bar is the largest and the most important medieval archaeological
site in the Balkans. It covers the area of 4.5 hectares, where the remains of around
600 public and private edifices are the proof of the existence of various construction
phases present in different epochs of the Mediterranean history.It is in the historical
sources from the 10th century that the Old Town of Bar is mentioned for the first
time, however it is assumed that it had existed even in the 6th century in the form
of the rehabilitated Roman 'castrum'. It was established in a naturally protected
place and surrounded by strong walls with towers and bastions. The residential architecture
of the town is characterized by Late Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and oriental elements.The
intensive and continuous life of the town from the 10th up to the end of the 19th
century, has left diverse and rich architectural heritage, characterized by the
meeting of European architectural styles -
The rich cultural and historical heritage of Bar belongs to different epochs and civilizations. It would be very difficult to list all the remarkable monuments in Bar, so we will mention only some of them.
One of the oldest monuments in this area and the oldest Christian religious building
in Montenegro is the Bar Triconch Church dating back to the 6th century, whose remnants
are located in the centre of the town. This is where the “Chronicle of the Priest
of Duklja” (“Ljetopis popa Dukljanina”) was created in the second half of the 12th
century. It is the region’s most important medieval work of literature and history.
Just a few kilometres away from the town centre, on Ratac peninsula, situated between
Bar and Sutomore, there are the remnants of Our Lady of Ratac (Bogorodica Ratačka)
monastery complex which belonged to the Benedictine order, and it is presumed to
have been established in the 9th century.Near the small seaside town of Sutomore,
there is the partially preserved fortress of Nehaj, used by both Venetians and Ottoman
Turks. As a Venetian fortified town, Nehaj was first documented in the 16th century
as the Fortezza dei Spizi. The Bar municipality also contains beautiful churches
and monasteries erected during the time of the Balšić family (14th -
King Nikola’s palace
The Old Olive
The Old Olive of Mirovica is a trademark natural feature of Bar. It is believed to
be more than 2000 years old and it is one of the oldest olive trees in the world.
Because of its natural, morphological, environmental, aesthetic and historical significance,
this exceptional natural monument was put under State protection in 1957. Numerous
legends and traditions are associated with the Old Olive of Mirovica. One of them
has it that at one time families that had a dispute would come here to make peace
under this olive tree. Thus it earned its name -
The biggest lake in the Balkans. It is located in the south-
“Klara” is situated on the beautiful Adriatic coast of Montenegro,centered 10 minutes away from the historic towns of Bar and Ulcinj by car.
These towns provide a variety of restaurants, cafes, shops, and nightlife activities. It is located about 70 km from the airports of Tivat and Podgorica.
Transportation to and from the airports can be arranged upon request.